Carbon dating methodology
For example, Christian time counts the birth of Christ as the beginning, AD 1 (Anno Domini); everything that occurred before Christ is counted backwards from AD as BC (Before Christ).
The Greeks consider the first Olympic Games as the beginning or 776 BC.
AMS dating lab Beta Analytic is inviting members of the Society of American Archaeology (SAA) to join the raffle at Booth #300 during the 84th SAA Annual Meeting to be held at the Albuquerque Convention Center in Albuquerque, New Mexico, from April 10-14, 2019.
It is good for dating for the last 50,000 years to about 400 years ago and can create chronologies for areas that previously lacked calendars.
In 1949, American chemist Willard Libby, who worked on the development of the atomic bomb, published the first set of radiocarbon dates.
He had assumed that amounts of Carbon-14 in the atmosphere had remained constant through time.
After an organism dies, the radiocarbon decreases through a regular pattern of decay. The time taken for half of the atoms of a radioactive isotope to decay in Carbon-14’s case is about 5730 years.The numbers refer to the atomic weight, so Carbon-12 has 6 protons and 6 neutrons, Carbon-13 has 6 protons and 7 neutrons, and Carbon-14 has 6 protons and 8 neutrons.